Varalakshmi Vratham Festival Story And Its Significance
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Varalakshmi Vratham- Varalakshmi Pooja-Puja Festival
It is the worship of goddess of wealth. It is celebrated on the last Friday of the bright fortnight in the month of Ashada, corresponding to the English month of July-August. The worship of Maha Lakshmi is performed by married ladies to obtain good progeny, and for the long life of the husband.
Sri Lakshmi or Mahalaxmi :-
Goddess of Wealth, Light, Wisdom, the lotus.flower and fortune, and secondarily of luck, beauty, courage and fertility. Due to Her Motherly feelings and being the consort of Narayan (Supreme Being), She is believed as the Mother of the Universe. She is the consort of Vishnu and married Him in His incarnations Rama (in her incarnation as Sita), Krishna (as Rukmini) and Venkateshwara (as Alamelu). In Vaishnava traditions, She is believed to be the Mother Goddess and the Shakti of Narayan
Primarily eight kinds of wealth are established, associated with Goddess Sri Mahalakshmi. They are:
- Adi Lakshmi – The main goddess
- Dhanya Lakshmi – Granary wealth
- Dhairya Lakshmi – Wealth of courage
- Gaja Lakshmi – Elephants, symbols of wealth
- Santana Lakshmi – Wealth of progeny
- Vijaya Lakshmi – Wealth of victory
- Vidya Lakshmi – Wealth of knowledge
- Dhana Lakshmi – Monetary wealth
Goddess Sri Mahalakshmi is worshipped by those who wish to acquire or to preserve wealth. It is believed that Sri Mahalakshmi (wealth) dwells in those houses which are clean and where the people are hardworking.
Story of Varalakshmi Vratham:-
In a town called Kundina, there lived a humble and kind natured Brahmin woman named Charumathi. She loved her husband and family very much. Impressed by her sincere devotion towards her family, Laxmi Devi came into her dreams one night. She asked her to perform the Vara Laxmi pooja and also explained her the details, procedure and when to do the pooja. She told her that the Friday just befor ethe Shravana Purnima is a completely apt day for the puja.
Charumati woke up and told about the dream to her family, who took the news in a supportive manner and enchoraged her to proceed with the pooja.Charumati told about the pooja to her friends and neighborhood and the word spread out in the town. Thus on that year, all the women from the town worshiped varalakshmi devi with their sincere dedication. They all chanted
“Padmaasane Padmakare sarva lokaika poojithe
Narayana priyadevi supreethaa bhava sarvada”
The story says that impressed by their dedicated pooja Laksmi Devi appeared in front of them and blessed them with everything they ever wanted in life. Their houses did not have any lack of food ,lack of jewellery. The families in the town lived happily ever after doing this pooja every year. Since then the new spread and now the whole South India performs this pooja.
Varalakshmi Vratham-Varalakshmi Pooja in Andhra Pradesh:-
In Andhra Pradesh women perform Varalakshmi Vratam to please Goddess Lakshmi. This puja is performed in the month of Sravana. The second Friday in the month of Sravana is the day on which Varalakshmi Vratam is performed.
- For the Varalakshmi Vratam, houses are cleaned and the door frames are decorated with turmeric and Kumkum. Mango leaves are tied to the entrance.
- Fruits, flowers, coconuts, betel leaves, jaggery, new clothes for the Goddess are kept ready.
- In few families the tradition of arranging a Kalasam for Varalakshmi vratam is not followed. Women should ask their elders about it and arrange Kalasam only when the family follows this tradition.
Nine types of naivedyams are offered for Goddess Varalakshmi.
- Toralu which are to be tied to the hands should be prepared with nine lines of threads making nine knots and tying flowers.
- Pulihora, Purnam Boore, Paramannam and Pulagam are the compulsory offerings that should be prepared for Goddess Varalakshmi.
- Vaayanam is given to a married woman after completing Varalakshmi Vratam which contains nine boorelu, tambulam, dakshina, toram, kumkum, turmeric, fruits, flowers and blouse piece.
- After completing the puja in the morning, in the evening neighboring women and young girls are invited home and offered tambulam.
- If a woman could not perform Varalakshmi vratam on second Friday of Sravana month, the same can be performed on 4th Friday.
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How to Perform Varalakshmi Vratham-Varalakshmi Pooja-Puja?
Performing Varalakshmi Vratam:
Padmasane padmakare sarvalokaika poojite,
Narayani priye devi supreeta bhava sarvadaa
Ksheerodaarnavasambhoote kamale kamalaalaye,
Sushtiraa bhava me gehe suraasura namaskrute,
Varalakshmi devatam dhyaayami
Varalakshmi Vrata Vidhanam:
On the day of Varalakshmi Vratam, wake up early in the morning. Take a shower and arrange the things to perform the pooja. Decorate the peetham with kolam or muggu after applying haldi paste to it. Place Goddess Lakshmi’s photo on it. Put kalasam in front of the deity and arrange thoralu, akshatalu, pasupu ganapati, flowers, fruits etc there.
How to prepare thoram:
Make a five or nine threaded thorams with white color cotton thread and apply haldi paste to it. Make five or nine knots to it place them near the puja peetam.
Things needed for the Varalakshmi puja:
turmeric powder, kumkuma powder, red blouse piece-1, sandal paste, flowers, fruits, betel leaves, betel nuts, white thread to make thorams, coconuts, lamps, ghee to light the lamp, camphor, incense sticks, rice, and chana
The Varalakshmi puja procedure begins:
Suklambaradharam vishnum sasivarnam chaturbhujam
Prasanna vadanam dhyayetsarva vighnopasantaye
Meditate about Ganapati and perform aachamanam later
Om Keshavaya swaahaa (take little water into your hand and drink)
Om Narayanaya swaahaa (take little water into your hand and drink)
Om Madhavaya swaahaa (take little water into your hand and drink)
Om Govindaya namaha (wipe your hands)
Om Vishnave namaha (wipe your eyes)
Om Madhusudanaya namaha, Om Trivikramaya namaha
Om Vamanaya namaha, Om Sridharaya namaha
Om Hrushikeshaya namaha, Om Padmanabhaya namaha
Om Samkarshanaya namaha, Om Vasudevaya namaha,
Om Pradyumnaya namaha, Om Aniruddhaya namaha,
Om Purushottamaya namaha, Om Adhokshajaya namaha,
Om Naarasimhaya namaha, Om Achyutaya namaha,
Om Janardhanaya namaha, Om Upendraya namaha,
Om Haaraye namaha, Om Srikrishnaya namaha
Uttishtantu bhoota pishachaah yete bhoomi bharakah,
Yetesha mavirodhena brahmakarma samaarabhe.
Read this mantra and throw some akshintalu behind Now perform
pranayam chanting the following mantra..
Om Bhuh Om Bhuvah – Om Suvah Om Mahah
Om Janah Om Tapah Om Satyam – Om tatsaviturvarenyam
Bhargo devasya dheemahi – Dhiyoyonah prachodayat
Om aapojyotii rasomrutam – Brahma bhurbhuvassuvarom
mama upaatta samasta duritakshaya dvaara sri parameshwara preetyartham – subhey sobhaney muhurthey, adya brahmanah dvitiya paraarthe, sweta varaha kalpe, vaivaswata manwantare, kaliyugey prathama paadey jamboo dweepey, bharata varshey, bharata khandey, meroh dakshina digbhaage srisailasya……………… pradese (srisailaniki vratam chesevari vooru ye dikkulo vundo, aa dikkuni-eesanyamaite, eesanyamani cheppali), krishna kaveri madhya pradese (ye nadula madhya prantamlo vunte aa nadula perulu cheppali) swagruhey/sobhana gruhey (sonta illaiite swagruhey ani, adde illaite sobhana gruhey ani cheppali) samasta devata, brahmana, harihara sannidhau, vartamana vyaavaharika chaandramanena sri virodhi nama samvatsare dakshinayaney varsharutau sravana maasey suklapakshe dasamyaayam, bhruguvaasare subha nakshatre subha yogey subha karaney evam guna viseshana visishtaayam subha tithau, srimatyah …………. sarmanah dharmapatni srimati gotravati …………. (gotram peru) …………….. naamadheyavati (mee peru cheppukovali) asmaakam saha kutumbanam kshema, sthairya, dhairya, vijaya, abhaya, aayuraarogya, aishwaryabhi vruddhyartham, dharmaartha, kaama moksha chaturvidha phala purushaartha siddhyartham, satsantana sowbhagya phala praptyartham sri varalakshmi devata muddisya, sri varalakshmi devata preetyartham kalpokta vidhaanena yavachhakti dhyana aavahanadi shodasopachara poojam karishye (antu kudi cheti madhya veluto neetini taakali)
(Take a glass or panchapatra specially kept only for puja and pour water in it. Put in some akshatalu, flowers, and a betel leaf in it. Apply sandal paste and kumkuma on three sides of it. Put your right hand on it and read the following mantra.)
kalashasya mukhe vishnu kanthe rudrassamaashritaha
mooletatrasthitho brahm madhye maathru ganaa sthitah
kukshowtu saagaraa ssarve sapta dweepaa vasundhara
rugvedo adha yajurvedo ssaamavedohyadharvanah
angaischa sahitaa ssarve kalasambu samaasritaah
aayamthu lakshmi poojartham duritakshaya karakaah
gamgecha, yamunaichaiva, godavari, saraswathi,
narmadaa, sindhu, kaveri jalesmin sannimdhikuru evam kalasha poojaam kuryaath
(after chanting this mantra, dip a flower in the holy water and sprinkle it on the Goddess, things readied for puja, and on yourself. Feel as if you purified everything around you and got ready for the puja. Now make a Ganapati with haldi, place it on a betel leaf in the mandapam. Worship him with flowers and place some akshatalu on your head. Now begins the procedure of Varalakshmi Vratam.)
Varalakshmi Pooja Prarambhamu(Dhyana sthuti)
padmasane padmakarey sarvalokaika poojithe
narayana priaye devi, supreetaa bhavasarvadaa
shodhashopachara pooja prarambhaha.
Ksheerodarnava sambhutey kamale kamalalaye susthiraa
bhavame gehe surasura namaskruthe
Sri varalakshmi devatayai namah dhyayami
(put someflowers before the kalasam)
sarva mangala maangalye vishnu vakshasthalaalaye,
aavaahayaami devitvaam, supreetaa bhava sarvadaa
Sri varalakshmi devatayai namah aavaahayaami
(put some akshatalu in front of the kalasam)
sooryaayutha nibhasphurthe sphuradratna vibhushite
simhasanamidam devi stheeyatam surapujite
Sri varalakshmi devatayai namah
navaratna khachita simhasanam samarpayami
(here imagine that the diamond studded throne is being offered to her to sit and accept your puja)
Suddhodakam cha paatrastham gamdha pushpaadhi mishritam,
arghyam daasyaamite devi gruahaana surapoojite
Sri varalakshmi devatayai namah arghyam samarpayaami.
(here fragrant water is offered to her)
Suvaasita jalam ramyam sarvateertha samudbhavam
paadhyam gruhaana devitvam sarwa deva namaskruthe
Sri varalakshmi devatayai namah paadhyam samarpayaami.
(a spoonful (uddharinedu)water is offered to the goddess)
payodadhi ghruto petam sarkara madhu samyuktam
panchamruta snanamidam gruhana kamalalaye
Sri varalakshmi devatayai namah
panchamruta snanam samarpayami
(few drops of holy water should be sprinkled on the kalasam)
gangajalam mayaneetam mahadeva sirasthitam
suddhodaka snanamidam gruhana vidhu sodari
Sri varalakshmi devatayai namah suddhodaka snanam samarpayami
(here also few drops of holy water should be sprinkled on the kalasam)
snaanantaram aachamaneeyam samarpayami
(put a spoon full of water in the arghyapatra)
Suraarchitaamghri yugale dukoola vasanapriye
vastra yugmam pradaasyami gruahaana harivallabhe
Sri varalakshmi devatayai namah
vastra yugmam samarpayaami
(a new saree specially kept for the goddess is offered to her)
Keyoora kamkana dhivye haranupura mekhala
vibhooshanaanya moolyaani gruahana rushipoojithe
Sri varalakshmi devatayai namah
(gold ornaments are offered to the deity)
Taptahemakhrutham sootram mukthaadaamavibhooshitam
upaveetamidam devi gruhanatvam shubhaprade
Sri varalakshmi devatayai namah upveetam samarpayaami.
(a thread should be made with cotton, apply sandalwood paste to its ends and attach it to the kalasam)
Karpooraagarukasturee gorochanaadi bhiranwitam
gamdham daasyaamyaham devi preetyartham pratiguhyatam
Srivaralakshmi devataayai namah gamdham samarpayam
(sprinkle sandalwood paste on the kalasam)
akshataan dhavalaan divyaan shaaliyaan stamdulaan subhan
hariadraakumkumopetaan gruhyataam abdhiputrike
Sri varaoakshmi devatayai namah akshtaan samarpayaami.
(place some akshatalu at her feet)
Mallikaaj aaji kusumai schampakairvasulai sthadhaa
neelotpalaischa kalhaarai poojayaami Hariapriye
Sri Varalakshmi devatayai namah pushpaih poojayami.
(place some flowers before the goddess)
Om Chanchalaayai namah – paadou poojayaami.
Om Chapalaayai namah – jaanunee poojayaami.
Om Peetaambharadharaayai namah naabhim poojayaami
Om Kamalavaasinyai namah katim poojayaami
Om Padmaalayaayainamah naabhim poojayaami
Om Madanamaatre namah sthanow poojayaami
Om Kambukamtyai namah kamtham poojayaami
Om Sumukhaayai namah mukhampoojayaami
Om sunetraayai namah netrou poojayaami
Om Ramayai namah karnou poojayaami
Om Kamalaayainamah – sirah poojayaami
Om Sri Varalakshmyai namah sarvanyamgani pujayami.
Sri Varalakshmi Ashtottara Shatanama Pooja
(say ‘namah’ at the end of every namam)
Om Sarvabhuta hitapradayai
Om Sri Brahmavishnusivatmikayai
Lakshmyashtottara satanaama poojam samarpayami
Iti Sri Lakshmyashtottara satanaamavalih samaapta
Ghrutaakthavarti samyukta mamdhakaaravinaasakam
Deepam daasyaami devesi gruhana mudithaabhava
Sri varalakshmi devatayai namahdeepam samarpayaami!
(show the deepam with your right hand)
Naiveedyam shadrasopetam daddhimadhvaajya samyutam,
naanaabhakshya phalopetam gruahana hariavallabhe,
Sri varalakshmi devatayai namah naivedyam samarpayaami!
(dedicate all the specially prepared naivedyam to the goddess Varalakshmi)
Ghanasaara sugandehna mishritam pushpavaasitam
paaneeyam gruahataam devi seetalam sumanoharam
Sri varalakshmi devatayai namah paaneeyam samarpayaami!
(Leave some drops of water with the beetle leaf)
Poogee phala samaayuktam naagavallee dalairyutam
karpura choorna samyuktham taambulam, pratigruhyataam
Sri varalakshmi devatayai namah taambulam samarpayaami
(place two bananas and betel nuts on two betel leaves before the goddess)
Read the following mantra and Tie the sacred band (thoram) to your right hand..
bathnaamidakshineehaste navasootram shubhapradam
putrapowtraabhi vruddhimcha mamasowkhyam dehime rame
(tie the thoram to your right hand while reading this mantra)
Evam sampujya kalyanim varalakshmim swasaktitah
Datavyam dwadasa pooram vayanamhi dwijayate!
(mantras to chant while giving the vayanam)
indira prati gruhnaatu indira vaidadaaticha
indiraa taarakobhabhyam indiraayai namo namah
iti pooja vidhanam sampoornam (the puja process is completed)
Sri Varalakshmi Vratha Katha Prarambham:
Varalakshmi Vratha Katha (Legend or Story of Vara Laxmi Vratram)
Vara Laxmi Vrata is observed on the Second Friday of the Shravan month. Charumathi, a Brahmin woman lived in a town, Kundina. She was very humble and kind in her nature. She was very much devoted to her husband and family.
One night, Goddess Laxmi appeared in her dream and told her to worship Vara Laxmi and seek her blessings. Goddess Laxmi also explained the Vrata procedure and the best day to observe Vara Laxmi Vrata. Laxmi asked Charumathi to observe Varalaxmi Vrata on the Second Friday of Shravana Month.
Charumathi informed about the dream to his husband and family. She also told to her friends and the word spread throughout the town. On the Second Friday of Shravan Month, Charumathi along with her family, friends and the women of the town observe Vara Laxmi Vrata. They worshipped Vara Laxmi with utmost devotion and offered special recipes and fruits to please her. Goddess Vara Laxmi appeared before them and granted boons to all of them. Their houses were filled with grains, diamonds, jewels and gold. They all lived happily in their rest of life. Since the time, women have begun observing Vara Laxmi Vrata every year on the specific Friday.
Varalakshmi Mangala Harati:
kamalanayanaku nitu ramana madakunjara yanaku
saadhu sukruta nidaanaku sirula nimpu bimbananaku
karakamala mukta bhaktabhimaniki…..
lalita pallava paaniki neela jaladhara nibhaveniki
jalajalochanu raaniki, sadhuguna sreniki
kalumu leenedi molakanavvulu
kuluku kalikiki talirubuniki…
sarasadala netraku sowmyadharaku sobhanagaatriki
bhoori karuna dhatriki samajita maitriki
sakala duritala vitriki ksheerasagara putriki…
seeghramuga neeyave ratna vadhumaniki
poshitasrita lokaalaku duritavanadahaku
seshadaasaana saroruha sreekaravaardi
gamanalolaku ramaku ramaniki mangalamanarey
Lakshmim ksheera samudra raja tanayam sree ranga dhameshwareem
Daasee bhoota samasta deva vanitam lokaika deepamkuram
Srimanmanda kataaksha labdha vibhavadbrahmendra gangadharam
Twam trailokya kutumbinim sarasijam vande mukundapriyam
Namastestu mahamaye sree peethey surapujithey
Sankhachakra gadaa haste mahalakshmi namostutey
Namaste garudaaroodhey dolasura bhayankari
Sarvapaapa hare devi mahalakshmi namostutey
Sarvagne sarva varade sarva dushta bhayankari
Sarvapaapa hare devi mahalakshmi namostutey
Siddhi buddhi prade devi bhukti mukti pradayini
Mantramurthey sada devi mahalakshmi namostutey
Sthula sookshme mahaa roudre mahasakti mahodare
Mahaapaapaharey devi mahalakshmi namostutey
Padmasana sthitey devi parabrahmaswaroopini
Paramesi jaganmata rmahalakshmi namostutey
Swetambaradharey devi naanaalankaara bhooshitey
Jagasthitey jaganmata rmahalakshmi namostutey
Mahalakshmyashtakam stotram yah pathedbhaktimaannarah
Sarvasiddhimavaapnoti rajyam praapnoti sarvadaa
Ekakaale pathey nnityam mahaapaapa vinaasanam
Dwikaalam yah patheynnityam dhanadhaanya samanwitam
Trikalam yah pathennityam mahaa satruvinaasanam
Mahalakshmirbhavennityam prasanna varada subha
Ityindrakruta mahalakshmyashtaka stavam sampoornam