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Ebola Virus Disease Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention


Ebola Virus Disease Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention
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There is no specific treatment for Ebola, which is spread by contact with the bodily fluids of infected people or animals. Therefore prevention is one of the best ways to contain the virus.

Facts on Ebola Hemorrhagic fever :

What is Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever?
Ebola is a severe, infectious disease in humans and animals such as monkeys, gorillas and chimpanzees, which is caused by infection with Ebola virus. It is very infectious, and kills in a short time, but can be prevented.

How is it spread?
The natural reservoir of the virus is unknown and it is not always clear how the virus first appears in humans.

People can be exposed to Ebola virus from direct contact with the blood, saliva, urine, stool, sweat, etc. of an infected person. Thus, the virus is often spread through families and friends be cause they come in close contact with such secretions when caring for infected persons.

People can also be exposed to Ebola virus through contact with objects, such as needles, that have been contaminated with infected secretions or through contact with soiled clothing or bed clothes from a patient with Ebola.

It also spreads to people by contact with the skin or bodily fluids of an infected animal, like a monkey, chimp, or fruit bat

How is it spread among health workers?
Exposure to the virus occurs when health workers treat individuals with the virus without wearing masks, gowns, and gloves. In addition, when needles or syringes are used and not disposed of properly or not sterilized. If needles or syringes become contaminated with virus and are then reused, numerous people can become infected

Incubation period
The time it takes for the virus to clearly be seen in a person is 2 – 21 days

Signs and Symptoms of Ebola


joint and muscle pain

sore throat sore throat and weakness


vomiting, and stomach pain


red eyes


internal and external bleeding may be seen in some patients

In pregnant women, abortion ( miscarriage ) and heavy vaginal bleeding are common Ebola symptoms

How Is Ebola Diagnosed?
Sometimes it’s hard to tell if a person has Ebola from the symptoms alone. Doctors may test to rule out other diseases like cholera or malaria.

Tests of blood and tissues also can diagnose Ebola.

If you have Ebola, you’ll be isolated from the public immediately to prevent the spread.

How can it be prevented?
Avoid direct contact with body fluid of a person suffering from Ebola,or dead person by wearing gloves, masks, and goggles.

Persons suspected to be suffering from Ebola should be taken to the nearest hospital.

Persons who have died of Ebola must be handled using strong, protective wear and buried immediately (no funeral service or rituals).

Report any suspected cases of Ebola to the nearest health facility immediately.

Suspected person should be kept away from other persons.

Hospital staff should have individual gowns, gloves, masks and goggles.

Avoid contact with bed clothes from patient with Ebola or soiled clothing.

Communities affected by Ebola should make efforts to ensure that every body is well informed about the disease.

People who die from Ebola should not be turned over to the family but be quickly and safely buried by the hospital.

Avoid playing with Monkeys and Baboons.

What To Do
Always wash your hands with soap

Always cook your food properly

Go to health facility anytime you have Head ache, Fever, Pain, Diarrhea, Red eyes rash and Vomiting

Tell everyone you meet about Ebola so they can be informed

Call for help or questions (0886520581 or 0886374733)

What Not To Do
Do not touch people with signs of Ebola or have died of Ebola

Do not touch clothes & bed cloths of people who have died of Ebola

Do not touch vomit, saliva, urine, blood and poo poo of people who have signs and symptoms of Ebola

Do not play with monkeys and baboons

Do not eat bush meat

Do not eat plums eaten by bats

Let’s stop the spread of Ebola together