Health Benefits Of Betel Leaves-Tamalapaku
Health Benefits Of Betel Leaves-Tamalapaku, nutritional values Of Betel Leaves-Tamalapaku, Betel Leaves-Tamalapaku used in curing disease treatment, Betel Leaves, Tamalapaku, Vegetables
The betel plant is an evergreen and perennial creeper, with glossy heart-shaped leaves. It belongs to the family of Piperaceae, which includes pepper and Kava. It is native to South and South East Asia (India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka).
Betel leaves play a vital role in Indian tradition, customs and rituals.
The Betel Leaves-Tamalapaku is known by many other names in India regional wise like –
Betel Leaves called in Hindi : Paan
Betel Leaves called in Telugu : Tamalapaku
Betel Leaves called in Kannada : veeleya, vilya
Betel Leaves called in Malayalam : Vettila
Betel Leaves called in Tamil : Vetrilai
Betel Leaves called in Marathi : Vidyache paan, Naginiche paan
Betel Leaves called in Bengali : Paan
Betel Leaves called in Gujarati : Naagarvel na paan
Nutritional value Of Betel Leaves-Tamalapaku:
Betel Leaves-Tamalapaku contain thiamine, niancin, riboflavin, carotene, Fibre, Vitamin C, Vitamin A, Potassium, Calcium, Iron and Iodine.
The Nutritional Composition of Fresh Betel Leaf-Tamalapaku are:
- Water : 8.5-9.0%
- Protein : 3-3.5%
- Fat : 0.4-1.0%
- Minerals : 2.3-3.3%
- Fibre : 2.3%
- Chlorophyll : 0.01-0.25%
- Carbohydrate : 0.5-6.10%
- Nicotinic Acid : 0.63-0.89 mg/100 gm
- Vitamin C : 0.005-0.01%
- Vitamin A : 1.9-2.9 mg/100g
- Thiamine : 10-70 µg/100g
- Riboflavin : 1.9-30 µg/100g
- Tannin : 0.1-1.3%
- Nitrogen : 2.0-7.0%
- Phosphorus : 0.05-0.6%
- Potassium : 1.1-4.6%
- Calcium : 0.2-0.5%
- Iron : 0.005-0.007%
- Iodine : 3.4 µg/100 gm
- Essential oil : 0.08-0.2%
- Energy : 44 kcal/100 gm
Health Benefits Of Betel Leaves-Tamalapaku
- Helps relieve coughing.
- Eliminating bad breath.
- Prevent damage to the teeth.
- Treating a nosebleed.
- Cure bronchitis.
- Accelerating penyambuhan burns.
- Treat ulcers.
- Relieves itching and red eyes due to irritation.
- Stopping the bleeding gums.
- Treat thrush.
- Treating acne and eliminate acne.
- betel leaves have immune boosting properties
- betel leaves have anti-cancer properties
- betel leaves is used to cure worms
Other Health Benefits Of Betel Leaves-Tamalapaku
- Betel leaves have excellent wound healing properties. The juice extracted from a few betel leaves can be applied on the wounds and bandaged with betel leaves. The wound gets healed in just two days.
- Fresh juice extracted from betel leaves is very useful in pulmonary afflictions like bronchitis and dyspnea.
- Fresh juice of this leaves is given along with honey to children to relieve them from coughs, dyspnea, deranged phlegm
- This leaf can also be dipped in mustard oil, warmed and applied to the chest for relief from accumulated phlegm in the lungs. This makes the breathing easy.
- The leaves can be applied locally to get relieved from sore throat. Many singers chew it to improve their voice. So this is a singer’s secret
- The diuretic properties of this leaf promote the urination in people suffering from obstructed urination. When this juice is taken along with diluted milk and mild sweeteners, it eases the passage of urine.
- Juice of betel leaves along with honey is recommended for the improvement of the health of nerves and cures nervous disorders.
- A combination of Betel leaves and black pepper is effective in treating obesity within a short duration of two months.
- The root is known for its female contraceptive effects.
- the essential oil contained in the leaves possesses anti-bacterial, anti-protozoan and anti-fungal properties.
- The oil kills or inhibits the growth of the deadly bacteria that cause typhoid, cholera, tuberculosis, etc.
- Kammaru betel leaf has a higher level of juice which cures pharyngitis, abdominal pain and abdominal distension.
- Ordinary betel leaf cures urticaria and as per ayurvedic medicine, it restores the loss of equilibrium between the three ‘humours,’ namely, Vatha, Pitha and Kabha.
- The leaf produces an aromatic volatile oil containing a phenol called chavicol which has powerful antiseptic properties. The essential oil present gives rise to a sensation of warmth and well-being in the mouth and stomach. It is also known to produce a primary stimulation of the central nervous system.
- Chewing of betel leaves produce a sense of well-being, increased alertness, sweating, salivation, hot sensation and energetic feeling with exhilaration.
Traditional uses Of Betel Leaves-Tamalapaku
- A paste of betel leaves mixed with salt and hot water can be administered for filariasis.
- For treating obesity, one betel leaf mixed with piper nigrum is prescribed for two months.
- Its juice along with honey or a liquid extract is useful to treat coughs, dyspnoea, and indigestion, among children.
- When the leaves smeared with oil are applied on the breasts of lactating women, it is said to promote milk secretion.
- A local application is recommended for inflammatory swellings such as orchitis, arthritis and mastitis.
- For childhood and old people, leaves soaked in mustard oil and warmed are applied to the chest in order to relieve cough and dyspnoea.
- Eliminates bad breath, body odour and prevents tooth decay.
- Prevents and treats vaginal discharge, and reduces itching of the vagina.
- Stops bleeding in the nose.
- It contains vitamins such as thiamine, niancin, riboflavin and carotene
Betel Leaf Varieties Grown-Available across india:
- Andhra Pradesh – Karapaku, Chennor, Tellaku, Bangla and Kalli Patti
- Assam – Assam Patti, Awani pan, Bangla and Khasi Pan
- Bihar – Desi Pan, Calcutta, Paton, Meghai and Bangla
- Karnataka – Kariyale, Mysoreale and Ambadiale
- Kerala – Nadan, Kalkodi and Puthukodi
- Madhya Pradesh – Desi Bangla, Calcutta and Deswari
- Maharashtra – Kallipatti, Kapoori and Bangla (Ramtek)
- Orissa – Godi Bangla, Nova Cuttak, Sanchi and Birkoli
- Tamil Nadu – Pachai Kodi and Vellaikodi
- Uttar Pradesh – Deswari, Kapoori, Maghai and Bangla
- West Bengal – Bangla, Sanchi, Mitha, Kali Bangla and Simurali Bangla