Nine-9 Days of Dussehra-Dasara Festival
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Navadurga: The Nine Forms of Goddess Durga
Nava – that also means ‘new’ – denotes ‘nine’ the number to which sages attach special significance. Hence, we have Nava-ratri (9 nights), Nava-patrika (9 leaves / herbs / plants), Nava-graha (9 planets), and Nava-Durga (9 appellations).
Here are the details of the 9 manifestations of Goddess Durga. Each goddess has a different form and a special significance. Nava Durga, if worshipped with religious fervor during Navaratri, it is believed, lift the divine spirit in us and fill us with renewed happiness.
All the nine names of goddess and avatar are narrated below.
Day 1 Of Dussehra – Goddess Durga Will Be Visible In Shailaputri Avatar:
Shailaputri literally means the daughter (putri) of the mountains (shaila). Variously known as Sati Bhavani, Parvati or Hemavati, the daughter of Hemavana – the king of the Himalayas, she is the first among Navadurgas. Her worship takes place on the first day of Navaratri – the nine divine nights. The embodiment of the power of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva, she rides a bull and carries a trident and a lotus in her two hands.
Puja done on day one of dasara-
Bala Tripura Sundari Devi Puja
This avatar is worshipped as the first goddesses during the occasion of navarathri and she is the goddesses who were placed on a chair and she is the abode of the three mothers of this world namely the Saraswathi, Lakshmi and the Parvathi. So worshipping the Bala tripura sundari is the same worshipping to those three goddesses and in this avatar the lord Durga blesses her devotees by giving them the Shakthi, Siri and the Gyanam.
Navratri First Day Colour : YELLOW
Day 2 Of Dussehra – Goddess Durga Will Be Visible In Bharmacharini Avatar:
She is worshipped on the second day of Navaratri and is the second form of Mother Goddess. Bharmacharini means one who practices devout austerity. She enlightens us in the magnificent embodiment of Durga with great powers and divine grace. She holds a rosary in her right hand and a water utensil in her left hand. She is blissful and endows happiness, peace, prosperity and grace upon all devotees who worship her. Filled with bliss and happiness, she is the way to emancipation – Moksha.
Puja done on second day of dasara-
Annapoorna Devi Puja
In this avatar shakthi is worshipped as Anapoorna devi, the only avatar of lord durga where she doesn’t carries any weapons in her hands expect a dish containing rice, this has an internal meaning that the mother who takes care of us and feed us, in the same way to this world she is the only mother who feeds her children with all the requirements which we wanted. In this avatar you can find lord Shiva comes as a beggar to Annapoorna devi for rice, this means that no matters whether he is a god or human anything is equal to her and in her view she treats everyone equally.
Navratri Second Day Colour : GREEN
Day 3 Of Dussehra – Goddess Durga Will Be Visible In Chandra Ghanta Avatar:
The third facet of Goddess Durga is ‘Chandraghanta’, who is worshipped on the third day of Navaratri, for peace, tranquility and prosperity in life. She has a ‘chandra’ or half moon in her forehead in the shape of a ‘ghanta’ or bell. That is why she is called ‘Chandraghanta’. She is charming, has a golden bright complexion and rides a lion. She has ten hands, three eyes and holds weapons in her hands. She is the apostle of bravery and possesses great strength to fight in the battle against demons.
Puja done on third day of dasara-
Gayatri Devi Puja
This avatar is worshipped as the third avatar during navarathri and the Lord Durga is placed on a lotus with five faces with different colours, the five faces indicate the panchabuthas which means air, water, sky, land and fire. So this avatar says that all the essential requirements of the man are provided by her and she is the one who was called as “VEDA MATHA” and all the mantras are evolved from her and the only unique mantra for all the gods is the gayatri mantram which can be read as below mentioned.
“ om bur buvasuvaha tatsa vidhurvadenyam bargo devasyadhi mahi thiyo yona prachodayatuu.”
Navratri Third Day Colour : GREY
Day 4 Of Dussehra – Goddess Durga Will Be Visible In Kushmanda Avatar:
Kushmanda is the fourth form of the mother goddess and is worshipped on the fourth day of Navaratri. The meaning of the name ‘Ku-shm-anda’ is as follows: ‘Ku’ = a little; ‘ushma’ = ‘warmth’; ‘anda’ = ‘the cosmic egg’. So she is considered the creator of the universe. The universe was no more than a void full of darkness, until her light spreads in all directions like rays from the sun. Often she is depicted as having eight or ten hands. She holds weapons, glitter, rosary, etc., in her hands, and she rides a lion.
Puja done on fourth day of dasara-
Lalitha Devi Puja
On this day the goddesses is worshiped as Lalitha devi, she was mainly worshiped by the Bhramins since she is also called Shanti swaroopini and one important thing she is the queen of the “Sri Chakram” who sits in the centre of the yantram and to serve her Lord Shiva will be as her sitting chair and the dwarapalakas are like the four corners of the chair and the lakshmi and saraswathi are seated beside her to serve, she was also called as “Sri Lalitha Tripura Sundari devi”
Navratri Fourth Day Colour : ORANGE
Day 5 Of Dussehra – Goddess Durga Will Be Visible In Skanda Mata Avatar:
The fifth aspect of the Mother Durga is known as ‘Skanda Mata’ – the mother of Skanda or Lord Kartikeya, who was chosen by gods as their commander in chief in the war against the demons. She is worshipped on the fifth day of Navaratri. She is accompanied by the Lord Skanda in his infant form.
Skanda Mata has four arms and three eyes, holds the infant Skanda in her right upper arm and a lotus in her right hand which is slightly raised upwards. The left arm is in pose to grant boons with grace and in left lower hand which is raised also holds a lotus. She has a bright complexion and often depicted as seated on a lotus.
Puja done on fifth day of dasara-
Lakshmi Devi Puja
Lakshmi means in Sanskrit “to perceive or observe.” This is synonymous with Lakshya, meaning “aim” or “objective.” She is the one who has the object and aim of uplifting mankind. Lakshmi is the Goddess of light, beauty, good fortune, power, luxury, fertility, auspiciousness, and wealth. She holds the promise of material fulfillment and contentment. Being the consort of Vishnu, Lakshmi also signifies love and grace. While Lakshmi is generally worshipped to achieve success, she does not reside long with anyone who is lazy or desires her only for wealth.
Mahalakshmi is seen in two forms: Bhudevi and Sreedevi. Bhudevi is the representation of the material world, and Sreedevi the representation of the spiritual world. Lakshmi in eight forms is called Ashtalakshmi. These are the eight forms commonly worshipped by devotees:
1) Bhagya Lakshmi – Goddess of luck
2) Dhanya Lakshmi – Goddess of food
3) Dhairya Lakshmi – Goddess of strength
4) Gaja Lakshmi – Goddess of power
5) Santana Lakshmi – Goddess of children
6) Vijaya Lakshmi – Goddess of success
7) Vidya Lakshmi – Goddess of wisdom and education
8) Dhana Lakshmi – Goddess of wealth
Maha Lakshmi Havan can be performed for desires, goals, issues, or problems. It can be requested for any purpose or motivation as long as it is for the highest good.
By performing the Maha Lakshmi Havan, one attains progress, evolution, growth, co-creation of good present karma and co–creation of good future karma. So, this havan is for more happiness, a better life, more peace of mind, and more support of nature. With the help of this havan, one can attain spiritual, emotional, mental, physical, and material fulfillment. Also, love, marriage, relationship, children, health, wealth, and prosperity.
Navratri Fifth Day Colour : WHITE
Day 6 Of Dussehra – Goddess Durga Will Be Visible In Katyayani Avatar:
The sixth form of Mother Durga is known as ‘Katyayani’, who is worshipped on the six day of Navaratri. The legend behind her name goes thus: Once upon a time, there was a great sage called Kata, who had a son named Katya. Kata was very famous and renowned in the lineage of saints. He underwent long austerities and penance in order to receive the grace of the Mother Goddess. He wished to have a daughter in the form of a goddess. According to his wish and desire the Mother Goddess granted his request. Katyayani was born to Kata as an avatar of Durga.
Puja done on sixth day of dasara-
Saraswathi Devi Puja for Spiritual/Adademic Students
Saraswathi Devi is the Goddess of knowledge, music, and the arts. Saraswathi Devi is the mother of the Vedas. The name, Saraswathi, came from “Saras,” meaning flow and “wathi,” meaning a woman. So, Saraswathi is the symbol of knowledge, whose flow and growth is like a river. Divine Knowledge is supremely alluring like a beautiful woman. With her grace, one can attain knowledge, achievement in the arts, and good education.
The students who invoke Saraswathi Devi on this auspicious day will become wise and meritorious in their school achievements, career preparation, and educational progress.
Navratri Sixth Day Colour : RED
Day 7 Of Dussehra – Goddess Durga Will Be Visible In Kaal Ratri Avatar:
This is the seventh form of Mother Durga and is worshipped on the seventh day of Navaratri. She has a dark complexion, disheveled hair and a fearlessness posture. A necklace flashing lightning adorns her neck. She has three eyes that shine bright and terrible flames emanate from her breath. Her vehicle is the donkey. Her raised right hand always seems to grant boons to all worshippers and all her right lower hand is in the pose of allaying fears. Her left upper hand holds a thorn-like weapon, made of iron and there is a dragger in the lower left hand. She is black like Goddess Kali and holds a sparkling sword in her right hand battle all evil. Her gesture of protection assures us of freedom from fear and troubles. So she is also known as ‘Shubhamkari’ – one who does good.
Puja done on seventh day of dasara-
Durga Devi Puja
In this avatar mother goddesses is worshiped as Durga, since she killed an evil named durgae she was called as durga on that time, in this avatar mother is placed on a tiger with eight hands carrying different weapons on her hand, which has a meaning saying that she is the one who is responsible to give power to do any work, that is the reason many people do Ayuda puja during this day that means the weapons or the things which they use for their work are worshiped on this day. This avatar is worshiped on the eighth day of navarathri and was called as Durgasthami which means the eighth day of durga puja. To get her blessings one unique mantra is given below which is her dyanam mantra which means remembering her at once so go through it.
“chaturpujae chandrakala vatansae kuchonatae kunkuma raga shobitae,
Pundrakshu pakankusha pushpa baana hastae namastae jagadekamaatha,
Durga devata dyayami dyanam samarpayami”
Navratri Seventh Day Colour : BLUE
Day 8 Of Dussehra – Goddess Durga Will Be Visible In Maha Gauri Avatar:
She is worshipped on the eighth day of Navaratri. Her power is unfailing and instantly fruitful. As a result of her worship, all sins of past, present and future get washed away and devotees get purified in all aspects of life. Maha Gauri is intelligent, peaceful and calm. Due to her long austerities in the deep forests of the Himalayas, she developed a dark complexion. When Lord Shiva cleaned her with the water of the Ganges, her body regained its beauty and she came to be known as Maha Gauri, which mean extremely white. She wears white clothes, has four arms, and rides on a bull. Her right hand is in the pose of allaying fear and her right lower hand holds a trident. The left upper hand holds a ‘damaru’ (a small rattle drum) and the lower one is in the pose of granting boons to her devotees.
Puja done on eighth day of dasara-
Mahishasura Mardini (Kalima) Puja
The eigth avatar is the mahishashura mardini devi which is the most powerful, anger avatar of durga before saying this avatar I would like to tell you the story behind this. Once upon a time there was a rakshasha king named Mahishashura who got wished from Bhrama that no men can kill him and he doesn’t care of women. Due to having the wish from Bhrama he used to make all the gods and goddesses disturbed and occupied the heaven then all went to lord Vishnu and praised him then he suggested that no men in this world can kill him so we all give our powers and give rise to a female so that she can kill him, as suggested by the Vishnu all the gods and goddesses started giving their powers and then the mahashakthi was borned and kill the Mahishashura then she was called as Mahishashura mardini. In this way she was worshipped and this avatar has an internal meaning that the lord durga will kill our evil forces like anger, ego, selfishness and make us free from those forces.
On this day some people perform Kanya puja which means nine girls who had not reached the puberty stage were invited to their houses they were treated as the nine roopas of durga and they were seated and feed them with nine varieties of dishes.
Navratri Eighth Day Colour : PINK
Day 9 Of Dussehra – Goddess Durga Will Be Visible In Siddhidatri Avatar:
Siddhidatri is the ninth form of Goddess. She is worshipped on the ninth day of Navaratri. Siddhidatri has supernatural healing powers. She has four arms and she is always in a blissful happy enchanting pose. She rides on the lion as her vehicle. She blesses all Gods, saints, yogis, tantrics and all devotees as a manifestation of the Mother Goddess. In ‘Devi Bhagvata Purana’ it is mentioned that Lord Shiva worshipped her and was blessed with all Siddhis (supernatural powers). By her blessings his half body became female and other half body male in the avatar of Ardhnarishvara
Puja done on ninth day of dasara-
Raja Rajeswari Devi Puja
Vehicle Pujas for Vijaya Dasami – Victory Day
On this day, popularly known as Vijaya Dasami (Vijaya means victory, Dasami means the 10th day of the Vedic month), we celebrate the victory of good over evil, at which time people will do pujas for their vehicles. According to the Ramayana, Rama’s wife, Sita, was kidnapped by Ravana, a demon. Rama goes to save her and a huge battle ensues between Ravana with his group and Rama with his friends and relatives. As war goes, there was much trial and tribulation as well as loss. Eventually, Rama defeated Ravana. This is what is celebrated on Victory Day. Another way of looking at it is this 10th day is the celebration of enlightenment. It is an auspicious day to start new projects and have your vehicle through life blessed… But it is celebrated a day before
Raja Rajeswari Devi Puja
This is the last avatar of durga during the navarathri occasions after the defeat of the mahishashura all the gods and goddesses celebrate the occasion as vijaya dasami and the goddesses is placed on a chair and was worshiped by all the gods and goddesses, since she was worshiped by many empires and kings she was called as Rajarajeswari.
So these are the nine avatars of durga, many people follow different traditions in following these puja vidhanams but to be frank it doesn’t matter the way you perfom it matters only how you perform with your inner soul. She doesn’t require a lot of flowers, jewelers ,ornaments etc.., she only requires a peace of your attention and your belief on her.
Since the Lord Indra used to worshiped her from the heaven she was called as Indrakilari kanakadurgama. There was a story for durga to be named as kanakadurgama i.e when she settled on the hills of vijayawada then mystery happened there i.e instead of water rain came with gold coins since from that time she was named as kanakadurga since in telugu gold can be called as kanakam since the durga who gave gold she was called like that from that time, and was worshipped by the world as their main devotees.
Navratri Ninth Day/ Tenth Day Colour : PURPLE