Rudraksha History And Types Of Rudraksha Beads
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The term “Rudraksha” itself symbolizes Lord Shiva. “Rudra” stands for Lord Shiva and “Aaksha” for Shiva’s tears. Lord Shiva himself is the first ardent user and admirer of Rudraksha. Later devotees and sages began using Rudraksha as a blessing from Lord Shiva himself to protect mankind from worldly sufferings and miseries.
With the development of modern science, many scientists researched for evidences that support the ancient belief on the significance of Rudraksha. All the scientists came up with the findings that reassured and confirmed the divine power of Rudraksha beads. Individual from every walk of life irrespective of caste, creed, religion, nationality or gender can use Rudraksha to gain maximum spiritual, physical and materialistic benefits.
Scientifically known as Elaeocarpus ganitrus Roxb, Rudraksha tree is a large evergreen broad-leaved tree, which grows in the area from the Genetic Plain to the foothills of the great Himalayas and the middle area of Nepal. The main trunk of Rudraksha tree is cylindrical and has circular section. Rudraksha tree has grayish white bark and rough in texture with small vertical lenticels and narrow horizontal furrows. Its branches spread in all directions. Its leaves appear shining green externally and dull coriaceous internally. It has ovoid, conical and elongate flowers, nearly 1 to 2 cm in diameter. Its fruit is globose and drupaceous having a fleshy exterior and is light green in color. Rudraksha beads are covered by an outer shell which is blue in color and is hard and tubercle on the inside. On each Rudraksha seed vertical lines are seen running down its surface. These lines are called mukhi or “the clefts or furrows on the surface” and determine the type of mukhi Rudraksha. For instance Seeds with one vertical line are one mukhi Rudraksha, those with two lines are two mukhi and so on. Rudraksha beads contain 50.031 % carbon, 0.95% nitrogen, 17.897% hydrogen and 30.53% oxygen. It takes 15 to16 years for Rudraksha to mature and bear fruits. It is kept in water for a number of days and then Rudraksha is taken out after peeling off the pulp.
Rudraksha comes from 1 to 38 mukhis, but Rudraksha of 1 to 14 mukhis are commonly found. The five-faced Rudraksha are found easily and abundantly. One mukhi Rudraksha is extremely rare Rudraksha. Depending upon the availability and production of Rudraksha different prices have been allocated for different mukhi Rudraksha.
According to the religious text Devi Bhagwat Puran there was a Demon known as Tripurasur who was very strong and had divine energy and power. Due to these qualities he became proud and started to trouble deities and sages. No one was able to defeat this strong demon in war. On seeing his immoral actions Brahma, Vishnu and Other deities prayed to the Devadhidev Mahadeva Shiva (The greatest, lord of Lords Shiva) to destroy evil Tripurasur. Lord Shiva closed his eyes and meditated for some time. When he opened his lotus shaped eyes tears fell from them on the earth. Wherever his tears fell the Rudraksha tree Grew. The fruits that grow on this tree are known as Rudraksha Beads. Lord Shiva then used his deadly divine weapon known as Aghor and destroyed Tripurasur.
According to another religious text Shiva Mahapuran, Parvati the divine consort of Lord Shiva asked him the origin of Rudraksha. On hearing her question Shiva said that he did penance for a thousand years. Tired of keeping his eyes closed for so long, Shiva opened them. A few teardrops fell to the ground and from these tears, the Rudraksha tree was born. The seeds of the tree were distributed on the earth. There are different forms of Rudra, namely Water, Earth, Fire, Air, Sun, Space, Moon etc.
Types Of Rudraksha
|Rudraksha||Ruling God||Ruling Planet||Beeja Mantra||Major Benefit|
|1 Mukhi||Shiva||Sun||Om Hreem Namah||Enlightens the Super Consciousness, provides improved concentration and mental structure changes specific to renunciation from worldly affairs. The wearer enjoys all comforts at his command but still remains unattached.|
|2 Mukhi||Ardhnareshwar||Moon||Om Namah||Blesses the wearer with ‘UNITY’. It could be related to Guru-Shishya, parents-children, husband-wife or friends. Maintaining ONENESS is its peculiarity.|
|3 Mukhi||Agni||Mars||Om Kleem Namah||The wearer gets free from sins or wrongs from his life and returns to purity . Ideal for those who suffer from inferior complexes, subjective fear, guilt and depression.|
|4 Mukhi||Brahma||Mercury||Om Hreem Namah||The wearer gains power of creativity when blessed. Increases memory power , wit and intelligence|
|5 Mukhi||Kalaagni Rudra||Jupiter||Om Hreem Namah||Wearer gains health and peace. It increases memory also .|
|6 Mukhi||Kartikeya||Venus||Om Hreem Hum Namah||Saves from the emotional trauma of worldly sorrows and gives learning, wisdom and knowledge. Affects understanding and appreciation of Love, Sexual Pleasure, Music and Personal Relationships .|
|7 Mukhi||Mahalakshmi||Saturn||Om Hum Namah||It should be worn by those who are suffering from miseries pertaining to body, finance and mental set-up. By wearing this man can progress in business and service and spends his life happily.|
|8 Mukhi||Ganesh||Rahu||Om Hum Namah||Removes all obstacles and brings success in all undertakings. It gives the wearer all kinds of attainments – Riddhies and Siddhies . His opponents are finished i.e. the minds or intentions of his opponents are changed.|
|9 Mukhi||Durga||Ketu||Om Hreem Hum Namah||Wearer is blessed with lot of energy, powers, Dynamism and fearlessness, which are useful to live a life of success.|
|10 Mukhi||Vishnu||None||Om Hreem Namah||This contains the influence of ten incarnations and the ten directions. It works like a shield on one’s body and drives evils away .|
|11 Mukhi||Hanuman||None||Om Hreem Hum Namah||Blesses wearer with wisdom, right judgment, powerful vocabulary, adventurous life , fearlessness and success. Above all, it also protects from accidental death. It also helps inMeditation and removes the problems of yogic practices.|
|12 Mukhi||Surya||Sun||Aum Kraum Sraum Raum Namah||Wearer gets the quality of the sun – to rule and to move continuously with brilliant radiance and strength. Good for ministers, politicians, administrators, businessmen and executives. Removes worry, suspicion and fear. Increases self image and motivation.|
|13 Mukhi||Indira||Venus||Om Hreem Namah||Showers all possible comforts of life one can ever desire. It gives riches and honor and fulfills all the earthly desires and gives eight accomplishments ( Siddhies), and the god cupid ( Kamadeva) pleases with the man who wears it.. It is helpful for meditation and spiritual and materialistic attainments.|
|14 Mukhi||Hanuman||Saturn||Om Namah||Most precious divine gem – Deva Mani. It awakens the sixth sense organ by which the wearer foresees the future happenings. Its wearer never fails in his decisions. Its wearer gets rid of all the calamities, miseries, worries. It protects from ghosts ,evil spirits and black magic . It provides the wearer safety , security and riches and self power .|
|15 Mukhi||Lord Pashupati||None||Om Namah Shivaya||This represents Lord Pashupati and is specially beneficial for economic progress. Its possesor is neither bereft of wealth nor inflicted by any kinds of skin diseases.|
|16 Mukhi||Victory||None||Om Namah Shivaya||It represents victory and the possessor is never affected by heat or cold. It is especially useful for the saints living in jungles. The house in which it is kept is free from fire, theft or robbery.|
|17 Mukhi||Vishvakarma||None||Om Namah Shivaya||It represents Vishvakarma the builder of this world. It is very effective in gaining unexpected money. It is specially useful in attaining property, vehicles and all physical assets.|
|18 Mukhi||Mother Earth||None||Om Namah Shivaya||It represents the mother earth. The possessor remains happy and healthy. It is specially beneficial for the pregnant women in protecting their child.|
|19 Mukhi||Lord Narayana||None||Om Namah Shivaya||It represents Lord Narayana. The possessor is bestowed with all worldly pleasures. There is no scarcity in their life.|
|20 Mukhi||Lord Brahma||Nine Planets||Om Namah Shivaya||It represents Lord Brahma. However the powers of Holy Trinity ( Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh ) as well as those of Eight Digpals ( Gods of All the Eight Directions ) and Nine Planets are also vested in this Rudraksha. The wearer of this rudraksha gets enhanced Knowledge and Mental Peace.|
|21 Mukhi||Lord Kuber||Earth||Om Namah Shivaya||It represents Lord Kuber. the God of wealth and hence the wearer of this rudraksha is blessed by Lord Kuber, and consequently Wealth and Health.|
|Gauri Shankar||Shiva & Parvati||Moon||Om Shree GauriShankaraya Namah||Regarded the best for peace and comfort in the family. If a man worships Gauri Shankar at his worshipping place, the pain and sufferingand other earthly obstacles are destroyed and the peace and pleasure of family are increased.|
|Garbh Gauri||Parvati & Ganesh||Moon||Om Shree GauriGanesh Namah||For women wanting to have children. Her motherhood gains perfection.|
|Ganesh||Ganesh||None||Om Gum Ganapatayei Namah||For success in all new ventures|
|Trijuti||Brahma, Vishnu & Shiva||None||Om Namah Shivaya||Wearer becomes invincible|